Tombstones are commonly used funeral supplies to pay homage to the deceased. Because death is a very heavy topic, many people don't know much about the funeral and interment industry, so naturally they don't know what to say about the engraving on the tombstone. However, ignorance does not mean that you can write as you wish. It is easy to make jokes if you do that. Tombstone engraving is very important, not only related to the traditional funeral culture, but also related to filial piety, so to understand the correct knowledge must be mastered.
The lettering format of the tombstone is simply the position and size of the tombstone lettering. The location is determined mainly by the Dinglan ruler used for measuring the Yin house. Ding Lan ruler is one foot, two inches and eighths long, about 38.78 cm. The scale of Ding Lan ruler is divided into 10 large scales, which read: Cai Ten characters:, loss, prosperity, death, official, righteousness, suffering, prosperity, harm, and Ding, among which Cai, Xing, Guan, righteousness, prosperity, and Ding are the auspicious scales, located at 1, 3, 5, and 6 of the scale. , 8, and 10 scales, and each large scale has many small scales. For example, the bottom of Cai is divided into Fuxing, and the four scales of Wangcai and Dengke. We can put the Dinglan ruler from the far left or The left and right directions are determined by the writing order of the inscription. Generally, ancient tombstones are written from right to left, and modern tombstones are written from left to right. The position of the lettering must be kept above a good scale, so that you can The text of the tombstone is positioned left and right. Up and down positioning is different from left and right positioning. Up and down positioning pays attention to leaving an inch between the world and the earth. Therefore, when measuring the upper and lower parts, you must go from top to bottom. Reserve an inch before starting the measurement. Make a good scale correspond to the beginning of the text. If the text starts The starting position is on a good scale, so that the longitudinal direction of the text is positioned. The same is true for location positioning. In fact, the font size has also been determined during the positioning process.
The engraved inscription mainly pays attention to three parts. These three parts must be very serious, because most of the joke part appears in this place:
Main text: The main text is written very carefully. This part must be in the center of the tombstone and is the core part.
In the honorific part, in terms of text, use the underworld name as much as possible. For example, the father should be called "Kao", the mother should be called "Wang", grandparents should be added in front of an ancestor, and high grandfather should be added in front of a high ancestor, an earlier grandfather , You need to join the generation gap with the person who erected the monument. For example, the tenth generation must add "Tenshizukao" in front of the tombstone. If the ancestors are famous, you can add the word "Xian" in front of the title. If there is no such name but there are many descendants, you can add the word "Xian". The body part should also reflect three parts: surname, first name and identity. For example, the more correct way to write inscriptions is "Ancestors Test Zhang Yu**'s Tomb".
Date of birth and death: The date of birth and death is generally on the left side of the tombstone, and the arrangement is different. Generally, the date of birth is on the left and the date of death is on the right. The written font size should be smaller than the text. The date of birth and death is not fixed. It can be commemorated according to the lunar calendar, or according to the Gregorian calendar, and it can also be added to the commemoration of the zodiac. It should be noted that the hour is generally not written.
Stele erectors: Generally, they are on the right, and they pay attention to seniority and the order of elders and children. Those with higher seniority are at the top, those with lower seniority are at the bottom, and those of the same generation are at the left, and the young are on the right. The stele erector also paid attention to the fact that different surnames are not on the stele, so son-in-law, nephew and nephew, and sons who are in another family can not write on the tombstone.