The need for mourning caused the tombstone to appear, but most people only noticed the name of the tombstone and some important information about the deceased. Few people understood his writing. However, this inscription must be well written and written in standard, otherwise it will make future generations unintelligible, so what is the particularity?
The front of the tombstone is the part that introduces the deceased. It is mainly composed of six parts: the date of birth and death, the person who erected the monument, the middle part (the name and title of the middle part), the time of erecting the monument, the photo, and the hometown. After expressing these, basically the front inscription format of the tombstone has taken shape.
The epitaph was originally made of bamboo slips and later on cloth. At the time of the burial, the eulogy was finished and he was buried with the owner of the tomb. There are two shortcomings of this approach. One is that the epitaph is buried in the ground, which is perishable over time. After more than a decade, a bunch of epitaphs will disappear with the owner. Another disadvantage is that even if the owner of the tomb is a celebrity, it is difficult for future generations to determine his identity and status. Therefore, the epitaph was slowly built on the stone tablet.
Ancient tombstones have a limited area. Tombstones with a width of 40-60 cm are more common, and the height is not more than 1.2 meters. Therefore, the area for engraving the epitaph is very limited. A common practice is to set up another stone tablet next to it, specifically for engraving the epitaph. This method was not applicable during the Ming and Qing Dynasties when most literati were poor, so the epitaph was inscribed on the back of the tombstone to comfort the dead. The person who engraved the epitaph is a sage of the country, or has fame, or official position, or wise, or good friends, or helpful friends. Otherwise, no one knows each other, and the epitaph is just a laughing stock.
In modern times, most people write on one side. In fact, the tombstone has two sides, one is lovesickness and the other is glory. Don't abandon the glory, but keep the lovesickness.